Currently, any teeth that get extracted and have bacterial plaques are clinical waste, in other terms, and they get disposed of in medicinal bio-hazard bags. Even if the largest part of the tooth structure is dentin (a feature similar to the composition of cortical bone), the dentists have not routinely employed it as a bone alternate in people. Dentin particles also have some benefits because they are cell-free matrices. These particles uphold mechanical stability, allowing early loading after grafting in bone defects and fresh sockets is complete.
Therefore, the bone graft’s best material, which also promotes socket preservation and alveolar augmentation of the bone, is autogenous dentin. The dentin grinder becomes a very beneficial and powerful tool since the extracted teeth may get changed into bacteria-free particles for instant grafting. Let’s explore what a dentin grinder is and its benefits.
A dentin grinder refers to a unique tool utilized in grinding the extracted teeth into dentin useful in autogenous grafts. The gold standard of bone grafting material is autogenous grafts since the patient body generates them. However, the second surgical area’s necessity typically means that the dentist chose a diverse graft type to prevent additional infection chances and two incisions.
A periodontist or dentist can make autogenous bone grafting material using a dentin grinder from the teeth extracted from the patient. The tooth gets placed into the dentin grinder, which naturally produces dentin particles around three times the natural tooth’s capacity. The majority of the dentin grinders come together with a kit for sterilization, allowing dental specialists to sterilize the dentin before utilizing it in a bone grafting process. The risk of infection for autogenous grafts is shallow, improving patient satisfaction and results after completing the procedure.
Here are four easy steps through which dentin grinder gets performed.
- Extraction of the tooth and cleaning of the debris
- Grinding of the tooth with a unique grinder to form particulate dentin
- Cleansing of the particulate dentin using a chemical cleanser, which results in bone graft that is bacteria-free
- Grafting: After grafting, you get particulate dentin which is two to three times the original root.
Why Dentin Works So Well Like an Autogenic Bone Graft
Dentin comprises a golden standard auto-graft which is the best bone graft obtainable for the dental occupation. Dentin graft is suitable for filling the sockets after the tooth gets extracted and is the best to any bone graft to preserve alveolar bone, anywhere in the jawbone (lower and upper, posterior and anterior). You can use it to augment the jawbone to support implant stability in many cases and fill bone defects. Some of the instances to use include:
- Sinus lifting
- Ridge preservation
- Ridge growth for artistic purposes
- Support for your dental implants
Advantages of Dentin Grinder
Provide Perfect Implants Support
As mentioned before, dentin is more solid than bone. Dentin offers better support (immediate loading) for implants soon after implanting as they are stronger than bones. Furthermore, using dentin will reduce the waiting time for anticipating deferred loading. For many years dentin bone graft will uphold the alveolar ridge, and hence the implants can end up filling during chewing for extended periods. With any treatment involving implants, let dentin bone graft be your first option.
The Extracted Tooth Takes Less Time to Convert into Dentin Auto-graft
It takes approximately 15 minutes for the four quick stages after tooth removal – cleaning the debris, grinding the tooth with a unique grinder, and cleansing the particulate dentin using a chemical cleaner. Within a short period following a tooth extraction, you can now have the dentin bone graft applied, which will be bacteria- and viruses-free.
It Provides Optimal Size
The dentin grinder will turn the teeth into granules by grinding them. They are then automatically selected, and hence the auto-graft will be dentin granules having a diameter of about 300 – 1,200 microns. This is the ideal size since large granules are not convenient to function with as they affect the integration process, while smaller granules are macrophages engulfed.
Dentin Grinder Does Not Impair the Bone Regeneration
Your enamel layer comprises about 10% of your tooth, whereas the dentin has about 85%. Additionally, your enamel is about 99% HA (hydroxyapatite), which sometimes helps absorbing fluoride ions and does not interfere with bone regeneration. HA is a principal constituent of synthetic graft materials.
Dentin Grinder Is Superior than All Synthetic Bone Replacements
Dentin auto-graft is an organic material sourced from the person going through the treatment; hence, not a substitute. Compared to synthetic bone substitutes, dentin auto-grafts are highly bio-active (osteoinductive, osteoconductive, and osteogenic). Compared to dentin, some osteoconductive and bio-active synthetic materials don’t have cortical bone strength. As a result, they give poor support during loading and when it comes to implants. Dentin has the same characters as those of cortical bone and will provide adequate support upon loading, unlike synthetic materials, which happens to be more delicate.
After grafting, the dentin resorbing rate is relatively low, about six to eight years, while synthetic materials resorb entirely after a year. Altogether, grafted dentin is super material as they withstand loading during chewing, just like typical teeth.
Dentin bone graft is far better than the best option, with a considerably lower production cost than synthetic bone substitutes.
Dentin Grinder Can Be Effective for Socket Filling after Extraction
Dentin auto-graft gotten from the removed teeth can fill the socket following the extraction and plug additional sockets of similar size.
This is because dentin bone graft produces a volume greater than the original one (two to three times).
It Is Preservable for Future Usage
Dentin smile care uses the autoclave to dry the dentin granules placed in a dappen dish for about five minutes. After this, the glass container gets sealed, signed, and documented regarding standards and then stored at room temperature.
They may hermetically preserve dentin graft for several years. As a result, the dentin may help serve the patient as an efficient and high-quality autogenic bone graft for future treatments.
Nevertheless, it is good to mention that the right of requesting a tooth extraction is always in the hands of the patient in most countries. This means that clinics with dentin grinder will produce auto-graft from the teeth in the near future.
Dentin Grinder is Effective
Dentin Grinder was mainly intended for high application, grinding removed teeth (about 95% of the patient’s) into dentin particles of 300 and 1,200 microns. This establishes an excellent autogenic bone graft.
Dentin Auto-graft vs. Allograft
In comparison to the allograft, the dentin granules are autogenic and formed from the patient’s tooth. Hence, no virus or bacterial infections risk from a different person or graft rejection by the resistant system.
With dentin granules, you will be happy to have a biological material made from your tooth instead of receiving it from total strangers. Additionally, just like bones, dentin is more solid, and it offers more excellent implant stability. Finally, the patient’s teeth dentin is in plenty of available raw material, which provides holistic smile care, with a considerably low production cost than buying an allograft.